The Double-Edged Sword of Technology
A decade ago, new associates were given a Blackberry upon joining a firm. And they were excited about it! While there was an expectation that associates would be available beyond their work hours even then, now the expectation is truly 24-7. Young lawyers know they are entering a profession in which they will be always be on-call. Learning to juggle client and supervisor expectations while also having a life outside of work can be a big challenge. At the same time, advances in technology have made working remotely much more feasible. This often allows attorneys the flexibility to get their work done on their own terms, rather than always having to be physically at the office. Many firms, taking note that balance is important to young lawyers, have adopted flexible work policies and shared office spaces that accommodate flexible schedules.
Increased Salaries, Increased Debt
Starting salaries in Big Law have increased from $125,000 to $180,000 during the past decade. During the same time period, the average law school student debt load also has increased dramatically. As a result, the pressure to find a high-paying position straight out of school is higher than ever before. Young associates have the opportunity to make a lot of money early in their careers, but need to be extremely savvy about financial planning to determine how they will use that money to pay down their debt and live life.
A Focus on Increased Training and Exit Opportunities
Young lawyers entering private practice 10-15 years ago may not have been set on partnership, but most saw it as a viable option. Today, few associates expect to make partner, and many simply don’t want to do so. Some intend only to stay at a large firm or in private practice to get training and pay off their law school debt. Whatever the reason, most entry level lawyers will change jobs within their first three years of practice, and most likely several times during their career. As a result, in their job search, law students tend to focus on how working for a particular employer will help them achieve their longer-term career goals. Firms, knowing that associates want not just a good place to work but also a good springboard for future opportunities, are responding by providing increased continuing education, career development and mentoring opportunities. Many firms now have in-house professional development staff to create and run these programs. Many firms have also created alumni clubs to help departing lawyers stay connected to the firm and to each other.
Unique Mentoring Opportunities
Because lawyers are living longer, working longer and less likely to retire early, more generations are working under one roof today than they did 10-15 years ago. As a result, lawyers working within a firm have very different work styles, expectations and technology comfort levels. While navigating this setting can be challenging, it also provides new lawyers unique mentoring opportunities across generational lines. Firms are taking advantage of these opportunities and recognizing the importance of mentoring and sponsorship to retention across the board, and specifically for the advancement of women and diverse attorneys.
Uncertainty around the Lawyer’s Role
In the last decade, much of the work that used to be done by junior associates is now being outsourced through legal process outsourcing, and more work could soon be taken from junior associates due to advances in Artificial Intelligence. At the same time, clients do not want to pay to train junior associates, and expect firms to write off the time that used to form the bread and butter of a junior associate’s billable hours. In-house legal departments, seeking to keep costs down, are more frequently in-sourcing work rather than relying on outside counsel. Taken together, this indicates that the future of legal practice is much cloudier than it was 10 years ago.